This bibliography includes a select list of primary texts and abridgements of Richardson's novels, studies about Richardson and his novels, together with a filmography, and list of film studies I used for my paper. Where I thought an essay or book is fundamental (something the student of Richardson must read), I've indicated that; I've included essays I think extraordinarily good and commented here and there on others.
A Select Bibliography
- Barbauld, Anna, ed., introd. The Correspondence of Samuel Richardson, 6 vols. London, 1804. Of great use and interest for the introduction (a life of Richardson and critical essay on his art), and those letters you do get, and the inclusion of the unfinished fragment by Richardson (in Vol 4), "The History of Mrs Beaumont."
- Richardson, Samuel, "Author's Preface", "Preface, Hints of Prefaces, and Postcript," Augustan Reprint Society no. 103, introd. R. F. Brissenden LA: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 1964.
- Richardson, Samuel. Clarissa; Or, the History of a Young Lady. Bath: Bath Press, 1991. This is the Folio Society 1991 reprint of the 1985 Penguin text based on Richardson's first edition prepared and introduced by Angus Ross. 2 volumes, with an extra introduction by Angus Wilson, modern illustrations by Simon Brett and a useful table of all the letters in this edition and those in the 1st (C1 produced by Richardson) and 3rd (Shakespeare Head and Everyman editions). This is the outstanding and best edition of Richardson's Clarissa available at this time. It's worth the money.
- Richardson, Samuel. Clarissa, or the History of a Young Lady, 4 vols (1932; rpt.: Everyman, 1967. This too is an important and fundamental edition of Clarissa to have. It's a reprint of the 3rd edition, and includes all the new and revised letters Richardson included as well as a fully descriptive table of the letters in the book.
- Richardson, Samuel. Selected Letters of Samuel Richardson, ed., introd. John Carroll. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964. Indispensable.
Abridgements and translations:
- Beebee, Thomas O. Clarissa on the Continent: Translation and Seduction. London: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1990.
- Price, Leah. The Anthology and the Rise of the Novel: From Richardson to George Eliot. Has a section on the very earliest abridgemennts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
- Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady, ed. intro., abridged by John Richetti and Toni Bowers. To be published by Broadview Press. In preparation.
- Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady, ed. intro., abridged by Sheila Ortiz-Taylor. NY:Signet, 2005.
Sheila Ortiz-Taylor tells us frankly that she made an effort to keep all letters by and pertaining to Anna and in so doing makes her role more emphatic; while this is thus not an accurate reflection of Richardson's book in which Anne does take less space in the last two volumes (until near the end when she is planning an edition of letters with Belford), the abridgement becomes an interesting text to read. 519 pages with a good 8 page selective bibliography.
- Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady, ed. intro., abridged by Angus Burrell. NY: Modern Library, 1950. It is like Prevost's translation-abridgement in that it cuts out religion and the last part of Clarissa heavily; it also has more pages than the other two abridgements on English: 786.
- Richardson, Samuel, Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady, ed. intro., abridged by George Sherburn. NY: Riverside, 1962. 517 pages. This is a very poor abridgement which skews the book while asserting it gives a proportionately accurate text. See Margaret Doody and Peter Sabor's important "Clarissa Censored," Modern Language Studies, 18 (1988):74-88.
- Richardson, Samuel, trans. Abbbe Prevost. Lettres Anglaises,
ou Histoire de Miss Clarissa Harlowe, ed., introd. notes by
Shelly Charles. 2 volumes, 842 pages the first and 742 the second.
The ending is quite different from Richardson's. Clarissa's letters to
her relatives come last! It has an excellent (longish) introduction by
the editor and, like the Everyman, summaries of the contents of the
letters. On this text see Jean Sgard, Prevost Romancier.
Paris: Corti, 1968, pp. 539-554.
- Trollope, Anthony. On Clarissa in the context of reviewing
E. S. .Dallas's 1868 3 volume abridgement, from Writings from St Paul's Magazine, November 1868
- Richardson, Samuel. Pamela, ed. T.C. Duncan Eaves and Ben D. Kimpel. NY: Riverside, 1971. This is the first edition of the text, and a delight insofar for the comic prose style and "voice" of Pamela.
- Richardson, Samuel. The History of Sir Charles Grandison. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1972. Still the only text of the novel available; it is unabridged and beautifully edited and annotated. It's reprinted in a one volume paperback.
- Sale, William Jr. Samuel Richardson: Master Printer. NY: Cornell UP, 1950. Essential Information about Richardson as a printer.
- Slattery, William. The Richardson-Stinstra Correspondence and Strinstra's Prefaces to Clarissa. Carbondale and Edwardsville: So. Illinous UP, 1969. As Stinstra was a translator of Clarissa, and Richardson wrote out a life of himself to Stinstra (they were congenial men), this book is also indispensable.
Critical Textual Studies
- Altman, Janet Gurkin. Epistolarity: Approaches to a Form Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1982.
- Ball, Donald L. Samuel Richardson's Theory of Fiction. The Hague: Mouton, 1971.
- Binhammer, Katherine. The Seduction Narrative in Britain, 1747-1800. Cambridge: Cambridge
- Blewett, David., ed. Passion and Virtue: Essays on the Novels of Samuel Richardson. Toronto: Toronto UP, 2001.
- Bloom, Harold, ed. Samuel Richardson: Modern Critical Century: Modern Critical Views. NY: Chelsea House, 1987.
- Bueler, Lois E., ed. Reading Clarissa, 2 vols. NY: AMS Press, 2009.
- Carroll, John, ed.. Samuel Richardson: A Collection of Essays NJ: Prentice Hall, 1969. This includes some of the best essays ever written on Richardson and if you had to choose one anthology out of those available, obtain this. A. D. McKillop's "Epistolary Techniques in Richardson's novel" is still the best study of the novel as an aesthetic object ever written.
- Castle, Terry. Clarissa's Cyphers: Meaning and Disruption in Richardson's Clarissa. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1982.
- -------------------. Masquerade and Civilization: The Carnivalesque in Eighteenth Century English Culture and Fiction. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1987.
- Day, Robert Adams. Told in Letters: Epistolary Fiction Before Richardson. Ann Arbor: Univ of Michigan Press, 1966.
- Diderot, Denis. Eloge de Richardson. Paris: Garnier, 1968, pp. 23-50. Arguably what everyone should read upon finishing the novel; alas it does not seem to be available in an English translation.
- Doody, Margaret Anne. A Natural Passion: A Study of the Novels of Samuel Richardson Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974. The best, finest fullest study of Richardson's books in print.
- --------------------------------- and Peter Sabor, edd. Samuel Richardson: Tercentary Essays. Cambridge; Cambridge UP, 1989.
- ----------------------------------. "Deserts, Ruins and Troubled Waters:Female Dreams in Fiction and the Development of the Gothic Novel," Genre, 10 (Winter 1977):529-72. One of the best essays ever written on the female gothic in 18th century literature.
- ----------------------------------. "Richardson's Politics," Eighteenth Century Fiction, 2 (1970):113-26.
- Eagleton, Terry. The Rape of Clarissa. Minneapolis: Minnesota UP, 1982. Fundamental.
- Eaves, T.C Duncan and Ben Kimpel. Samuel Richardson, a Biography. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971. It's all there, everything you want to know and the interpretations of the novels are sound.
- ----------------------------------------------------. "Graphic Illustrations in the Novels of Samuel Richardson, 1740-1810," Huntington Library Quarterly 14:4 (1951):349-83.
- Frail, Robert J. Realism in Samuel Richardson and the Abbe Prevost. Lewiston: Edwin Meller,
- Flynn, Carol Houlihan Flynn. Samuel Richardson: A Man of Letters. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1982.
- --------------------------------- and Edward Copeland, edd. Clarissa and Her Readers: New Essays for the Clarissa Project, edd. introd. Carol Houlihan Flynn and Edward Copeland. NY: AMS Press, 1999. Includes Ruth Perry's "Clarissa's Daughters; or, The History of Innocence Betrayed;" Julia Genster's "Belforded Over: The Reader in Clarissa," pp.143-162; Juliet McMasters, "Reading the Body in Clarissa, David Marshall's "Fatal Letters: Clarissa and the Death of Julie," and (fundamental), Isobel Grundy's "Seduction Pursued by Other Means: The Rape in Clarissa.
- Goldberg, Rita. Sex and Enlightenment: Women in Richardson and Diderot. Cambridge UP, 1984.
- Golden, Morris. Richardson's Characters Ann Arbor: Michigan UP, 1963.
- Gwilliam, Tassie. Samuel Richardson's Fictions of Gender. Stanford University Press, 1995.
- Kearney, A. M. Samuel Richardson. London: Reagon Paul, 1968. Succinct, a useful nutshell treatment.
- Keymer, Thomas. Richardson's Clarissa and the Eighteenth Century Reader. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992. Interesting for its delving into readerships.
- Kinkead-Weekes, Mark. Samuel Richardson, Dramatic Novelist" Ithaca; Cornell, 1973. After Doody's A Natural Passion, the best single reading of Richardson's books. Still highly persuasive.
- -----------------------------------. "Clarissa Restored?", Review of English Studies 10 (1959):156-71. A study of the third edition versus the first. Excellent.
- Kreissman, Bernard, ed. Pamela/Shamela. University of Nebraska Press, 1960. Still interesting for revelations of attitudes towards women and their sexuality.
- Lams, Victor J. Clarissa's Narrators. NY: Peter Lang, 2001.
- McKillop, Alan Dugald. Samuel Richardson: Printer and Novelist. 1936 (University of North
Caroline Press); rpt NY: Shoe String Press, 1960.
- ---------------------. The Early Masters of English Fiction. University Press of Kansas, 1968.
- Miller, Nancy Miller, The Heroine's Text. NY: Columbia UP, 1980, pp 83-96
- Myer, Valerie. Samuel Richardson: Passion and Prudence. London: Vison Press, 1986. Includes Margaret Anne Doody, "The Man-made world of Clarissa and Robert Lovelace,"
- Napier, Elizabeth. "Tremble and Reform: the Inversion of Power in Clarissa, ELH, 42:2 (1975):214-223, is also dramatized in the all too brief last two fifths of the fourth part of the mini-series.
- Nokes, David. Raillery and Rage: A Study of Eighteenth Century Satire. New York: St Martin's Press, 1987.
- Rivero, Albert J., ed. New Essays on Samuel Richadson. NY: St Martin's Press, 1996.
- Rogers, Katherine, "Sensitive Feminism vs Conventional Sympathy: Richardson and Fielding," A Forum on Fiction, 9:3 (1976):256-70.
- Todd, Janet. Women's Friendship in Literature. New York:
Columbia UP, 1980, pp. 9-68.
- Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. "Privilege of Unknowing: Diderot's The Nun, Tendencies. Durham: Duke UP, 1993, pp. 23-51. This is worth reading for Kofosky's assumption that we must dislike Suzanne, for her grounds for this are exactly those (even if cleverly rationalized) which lead readers to dislike other virtuous heroines, say Richardson's Clarissa or Jane Austen's Elinor Dashwood and Fanny Price. The reader sees an intelligent readers resentment of a strongly ethical stance playing out lucidly.
- Stuber, Florian "Father and Authority in Clarissa, Studies in English Literature, 25 (1985):557-84.
- Warner, William. Reading 'Clarissa': The Struggles of Interpretation. Conn: Yale UP, 1979. It would be arguable this is written against feminists and to shock and startle since he comes out firmly on the side Lovelace (albeit Clarissa is "no common slut"), except the jargon is so dense, it's hard to conceive he meant really to refute the feminist's argument so much as to provide a site for people to rally around who despite all Richardson could do to stop this, are allured by the power and violence of Lovelace's amoral sexual stance
- Watt, Ian. The Rise of the Novel. London: Chatto and Windus, 1957.
- Wilt, Judith. "He could go no farher: A modest Proposal about Lovelace and Clarissa," PMLA, 92 (1977):19-32. Although its thesis (that the prostitutes are responsible for and engineer the rape) is untenable, worth reading for insights.
- Wolff, Cynthia. Samuel Richardson and the Eighteenth-Century Puritan Character (Hamden, Conn: Archon Books, 1972).
- Van Marter, Shirley. "Richardson's Revisions of Clarissa in the Second Edition," Studies in
Bibliography, 26 (1975):107-32.
- -------------------. "Richardson's Revisions of Clarissa in the Third and Fourth Editions," Studies in
Bibliography, 28 (1975):119-52.
- Zunshine, Lisa and Jocelyn Harris, edd. Approaches to Teaching the Novels of Samuel Richardson. After Carroll's, the most useful anthology of the extant collections of essays. Zunshine really gives you a clear thorough summary of what exists and her choice of essays on the three novels are stimulating and revealing (even if I don't believe everything that is said by teachers about their students as the teachers forget students are controlled by their desire for a good grade and what the professor lets it know he or she wants to hear.
- Aristocrats, 1999 BBC mini-series, directed by David Caffrey, screenplay Harriet O'Carroll, produced by David Snodin, and based on Stella Tillyard's non-fiction Aristocrats: Caroline, Emily, Louisa and Sarah Lennox, 1740-1832, and Citizen Lord: The Life of Edward Fitzgerald, Irish Revolutionary. Apparently faithful adaptation.
- Clarissa 1991 was a BBC/WBGH production, screenplay by David Nokes and Janet Barron; directed by Robert Bierman, producer Kevin Loader and executive producer, Michael Wearing, starring Saskia Wickham and Sean Bean. Commentary type adaptation.
- Cruel Intentions, 1998 Columbia Tristar, directed and written by Roger Kumble, produced by
Neal H. Moritz
- Les Liaisons Dangereuses 1960, 1959 Les Films Marceau-Cocinor, directed by Roger Vadim, screenplay Claude Brule and Roger Vailland, produced by Leopold Schlossberg, starring Jeanne Moreau, Gerarde Philipe, Annette Vadim. A free or analogous type adaptation of Choderlos de LaClos's Les Liaisons Dangereuses
- Les Liaisons Dangereuses, a 1988 Lorimor and Warner film, directed by Stephen Frears, screenplay Christopher Hampton, produced by Norma Heyman, starring John Malkovich, Glenn Close, Michelle Pfeiffer
- Mansfield Park, a 1983 BBC film, produced by Betty Willingale, directed by Giles Foster, screenplay by Ken Taylor, starring Sylvestre Le Tousel, Nicolas Farrell, and Anna Massey. Very faithful.
- Suzanne Simonin, la Religieuse de Denis Diderot, Societe Nouvelle de Cinematographie (SNC) 1966, directed by Jacques Rivette, screenplay Jean Gruault, produced by Georges de Beauregard, starring Anna Karina, Liselotte Pulver, Micheline Presle, Christiane Lnier. An apparently faithful adaptation.
- The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, 1996 BBC/WBGH, directed by Mike Barker, screenplay David Nokes and Janet Barron, produced by Rebecca Eaton, starring Tara Fitzgerald, Toby Stephens, Rupert Graves. Apparently faithful.
- Valmont, a 1989 Renn Productions film, directed by Miles
Forman, screenplay Jean-Claude Carriere, produced by Michael
Hausmanstarring Colin Firth, Annette Benning, Meg Tilly, Sin Phillips.
A commentary type adaptation of Choderlos de LaClos's Les Liaisons
- Allen, Robert C. "A Reader-Oriented Poetics of Soap Opera," Imitations of Life, ed. Marcia A. Landy (Detroit: Wayne UP, 1990):496-524.
- Birtwistle, Sue and Sue Conklin The Making of Pride and Prejudice. NY: Penguin, 2003.
- Cardwell, Sarah. Andrew Davies. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2005.
- Cardwell, Sarah. Adaptation Revisited: Televison and the classic novel. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2002, especially pp. 184-204 (on the BBC film The Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
- Caughie, John. Televison Drama: Realism, Modernism and British Culture. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000, pp. 152-78.
- Chaber, Lois A. "A 'Fatal Attraction'?: The BBC and Clarissa," Eighteenth Century Fiction, 4:3 (1992):257-63.
- Chakravarty, Sumitra. National Identity in Popular Indian
Cinema. Univ of Texas Pr, 1994.
- Clouzot, Claire. "La Religieuse by Jacques Rivette," Film Quarterly, 22:3 (1969):44-47;
- Cook, Pam. Fashioning the Nation: Costume and Identity in British Cinema. London: BFI, 1996.
- --------- and Philip Dood, edd. Women and Film: A Sight and Sound Reader. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1993.
- -----------, ed. Gainsborough Pictures: Rethinking British Cinema. London: Cassell, 1997.
- Fergus, Jan. Two Mansfield Parks: purist and postmodern, Jane Austen on Screen, edd. Gina and Andrew F. Macdonald (Cambridge UP, 2003):69-89
- Frohock, Richard, "Adaptation and Cultural Criticism: Les Liaisons Dangereuses 1960 and Dangerous Liaisons, Eighteenth-Century on Screen, ed. Robert Mayor (Cambridge UP, 2002).
- Giddings, Robert. The Classic Serial on Television and Radio. London: Palgrave, 2001, especially pp. :80-103.
- Gledhil, Christine, edd. Home is Where the Heart Is (London: BFI, 1987), especially Tania Modleski's "Time and Desire in the Woman's Film," 326-39;
- Harper, Sue. Picturing the Past: The Rise and Fall of British Costume Film. London: British Film Institute, 1994.
- Higson, Andrew. English Heritage, English Cinema: Costume Drama since 1980. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003.
- --------------, "Re-representing the National Past: Nostalgia and Pastiche in the Heritage Film," Fires Were Started: British Cinema and Thatcherism, ed Leslie Friedman (Minneapolis: Minnesota UP, 1993):109-29,
- Hood, Stuart and Thalia Tabia Peterson for a concise history of the older and most recent ways British TV is produced, On Television London: Pluto Press, 1980.
- Hopkins, Lisa. Screening the Gothic. Austin: Texas UP, 2005, pp. 26-36 (on the film Clarissa as gothic).
- Jackson, Kevin, "'Carnal to the point of Scandal:' on the affair of La Religieuse," Eighteenth-Century on Screen, ed. Robert Mayor (Cambridge UP, 2002):170-71, 153;
- Kaye, Heidi, "Gothic Film," A Companion to the Gothic, ed. David Punter. London: Blackwell, 2000, pp.180-92
- Miller, Jonathan. Subsequent Performances. NY: Penguin, 1986, pp. 63-66; 213-42.
- Milner, Tom, "La Religieuse," Film Reviews, 1969, pp. 38-39;
- Monk, Claire. "The British Heritage Film and Its Critics," Critical Survey, 7:2 (1995):116-24.
- Spooner, Catherine. The Contemporary Gothic. London: Reaktion Books, 2006. This helps understand the gothicism of Clarissa 1991.
- Ryan, Michael and Douglas Kellner, Camera Politica: The Politics and Ideology of Contemporary Hollywood Film. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1990.
- Sadoff, Diane, "Appeals to Incalculability: Sex, Costume and the Golden Bowl," The Henry James Review, 23 (2002):10-12.
- Wade, Robin. Where the Difference Began: Some Developments in scripts and script sections in BBC Television, 1936-74 . London: BFI, 1975.
- Wagner, Geoffrey. The Novel and the Cinema. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1975, pp. 222-29.
- Wall, Cynthia. "The Spaces of Clarissa in text and film," Eighteenth-Century Fiction on Screen, ed. Robert Mayer (Cambridge UP, 2002):108-22.
- Wiltshire, John. Recreating Jane Austen. Cambridge UP, 2001.
Contact Ellen Moody.
Pagemaster: Jim Moody.
Page Last Updated: 31 March 2009